Neanderthals 'could speak, just like humans', study finds (2023)

Yahoo News

Sign in


Sign in to view your mail

(Video) Why are humans so different from other animals?
  • News
  • US
  • Politics
  • World
  • COVID-19
  • Climate Change
  • Health
  • Science
  • Originals
    • The 360
    • Skullduggery Podcast
    • Conspiracyland
  • Contact Us



  • {emptyPanelMsg}

  • ',panelErrorTemplate='




  • Neanderthals 'could speak, just like humans', study finds (3)


    (Video) Can Neanderthals Speak? Did the Neanderthals have a language?

  • ',EXPANDED_PANEL="expanded_panel",ERROR_PANEL="error_panel",NotificationView=function(){function e(n,t){classCallCheck(this,e);var i=this;i._config=n,i._panelNode=null,i._store=t}return createClass(e,[{key:"_generatePanelMarkup",value:function(e,n){var t=this._config,i=void 0,o=void 0;"undefined"!=typeof window&&(i=window.Notification&&"default"===window.Notification.permission,o=t.promos.bypassEligibleClassCheck||hasClass(document.body,t.promos.eligibleBodyClass));var s=t.promos.enableNotifOnboard&&i&&o?notifOnboardPromoTemplate:"";if(s){var r=t.promos.showYahooLogo?"":"yns-no-logo";s=s.replace("{notifOnboardBtnLabel}",t.promos.notifOnboardBtnLabel).replace("{notifOnboardMsg}",t.promos.notifOnboardMsg).replace("{subscriptionTopic}",t.promos.subscriptionTopic).replace("{noLogoClass}",r).replace("{promoLogo}",t.promos.promoLogo)}var a=n.newCount>t.panel.maxCount?n.newCount:"",c=t.panel.notificationCenterPath,l=c?"":constants.panelHideElement,d=t.panel.headerMsg?"":" "+constants.panelHideElement,u=c?constants.panelPaddingBtm:"",p=void 0;n.count?p=n.markup:p=panelEmptyTemplate.replace("{emptyPanelMsg}",t.panel.emptyPanelMsg);return e=e.replace("{notifMarkup}",p).replace("{promoMarkup}",s).replace("{hideClass}",l).replace("{notifCenterLink}",c).replace("{paddingClass}",u).replace("{headerMsg}",t.panel.headerMsg).replace("{hideHeaderClass}",d).replace(/{notificationCenterNavMsg}/g,t.panel.notificationCenterNavMsg).replace(/{newCount}/g,a)}},{key:"render",value:function(e,n){var t=this;if(t._panelNode){var i=void 0,o=t._panelNode,s=void 0,r=void 0;switch(e){case EXPANDED_PANEL:i=panelTemplate,r=t._store.getNotifications(),s=t._generatePanelMarkup(i,r),o.innerHTML=s;break;case ERROR_PANEL:s=(i=panelErrorTemplate).replace("{errorMsg}",t._config.panel.errorMsg),o.innerHTML=s}n&&n()}else n&&n(new Error("No panel parent"))}},{key:"createPanelParentNode",value:function(e){e&&(e.innerHTML=panelParentTemplate,this._panelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId))}},{key:"updateBadgeNode",value:function(e){if(e){var n=this._store.getNotifications().newCount,t=this._config.badge.maxCount;if(n){var i=n>t?t+"+":n;e.innerHTML=i}else e.innerHTML=""}}},{key:"addStyles",value:function(e){if(e&&"undefined"!=typeof window){var n=document.getElementById(this._config.panel.styleTagId);n||((n=document.createElement("style")).type="text/css",,n.innerText=e,document.head.appendChild(n))}}}]),e}(),EXPANDED_PANEL$1="expanded_panel",ERROR_PANEL$1="error_panel",PanelController=function(){function e(n,t,i){classCallCheck(this,e);var o=this;o._store=t,o._view=i,o._config=n;var s=o._config.panel;o._panelParentNode=document.querySelector(s.parentSelector),o._badgeNode=o._config.badge.selector&&document.querySelector(o._config.badge.selector),o._indicatorNode=s.indicatorSelector&&document.querySelector(s.indicatorSelector)}return createClass(e,[{key:"createPanelParentNode",value:function(){this._view.createPanelParentNode(this._panelParentNode),this._notifPanelNode=document.getElementById(constants.panelNodeId)}},{key:"refreshPanelNode",value:function(e,n){var t=this;addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),t._store.fetchNotifications(e,(function(e,i){var o=window.wafer&&window.wafer.base;o&&o.destroy(t._notifPanelNode),e?t._notifPanelNode.innerHTML||(t._view.render(ERROR_PANEL$1),addClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading)):(t._view.render(EXPANDED_PANEL$1),t._view.updateBadgeNode(t._badgeNode),t._showBadge(),t._showIndicator(),t._view.addStyles(i.css)),removeClass(t._notifPanelNode,constants.panelLoading),o&&o.sync(t._notifPanelNode.parentNode),n&&n(e,i)}))}},{key:"resetBadge",value:function(){var e=this;e._store.resetNewCount(),e._view.updateBadgeNode(e._badgeNode),addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}},{key:"_showIndicator",value:function(){this._indicatorNode&&(this._store.getNotifications().newCount?addClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass):removeClass(this._indicatorNode,this._config.panel.indicatorClass))}},{key:"_showBadge",value:function(){var e=this;e._store.getNotifications().newCount?removeClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass):addClass(e._badgeNode,e._config.badge.hideClass)}}]),e}(),config={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:"display-push-promos",enableNotifOnboard:!0,bypassEligibleClassCheck:!1,notifOnboardBtnLabel:"Notify Me",notifOnboardMsg:"Get alerts for breaking news and top stories",promoLogo:"",showYahooLogo:!0,subscriptionTopic:"gondor_homerun_news"},badge:{hideClass:"",maxCount:5,selector:""},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:"You have no new notifications.",errorMsg:"",headerMsg:"Notifications",imageTag:"img:40x40|2|80",indicatorClass:"yns-indicator",indicatorSelector:null,maxCount:6,notificationCenterNavMsg:"View all {newCount} notifications",notificationCenterPath:"",notificationTypes:"",parentSelector:null,styleTagId:"notificationStyles",theme:"default"},service:{attemptCount:1,attemptDelay:2,url:null,resetUrl:null,isRMP:!1,responseType:"json",timeout:1500}},Main=function(){function e(n){classCallCheck(this,e);var t=this;t.config=t._parseConfig(n),t._validateRequiredConfigs()&&(t._request=new NotificationRequest(t.config),t._store=new NotificationStore(t.config,t._request),t._view=new NotificationView(t.config,t._store),t._panelController=new PanelController(t.config,t._store,t._view),t._panelController.createPanelParentNode(),t._assignHelperMethods())}return createClass(e,[{key:"_parseConfig",value:function(e){var n={};for(var t in objectAssign(n,config),n)if(n.hasOwnProperty(t)){var i=n[t],o=e[t];"object"===(void 0===i?"undefined":_typeof(i))?objectAssign(i,o):n[t]=e[t]}return n}},{key:"_validateRequiredConfigs",value:function(){var e=this.config;return!(!e.panel.parentSelector||!e.service.url)}},{key:"_assignHelperMethods",value:function(){var e=this;e.helpers={refreshPanelNode:e._panelController.refreshPanelNode.bind(e._panelController),resetBadge:e._panelController.resetBadge.bind(e._panelController),resetIndicator:function(){removeClass(e._panelController._indicatorNode,e.config.panel.indicatorClass)}}}}]),e}(),notificationClient_module_min=Main,notificationClient={NotificationClient:notificationClient_module_min},CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY="lnct",NotifClient=function(){function e(){var e,n;this.personalized=!1,this.ybarElem=document.getElementById("ybar"),this.partnerClasses=null===(n=null===(e=this.ybarElem)||void 0===e?void 0:e.className)||void 0===n?void 0:n.match(/ybar-variant-([a-z]*)/),this.client=new notificationClient.NotificationClient(this.getConfig())}return e.prototype.refreshPanel=function(){var e,n,t,i=this,o={lastUpdate:this.getTimeStamp()||this.setTimeStamp(),loadInHpViewer:!0,includePersonalized:this.personalized},s=(null===(e=window.YAHOO)||void 0===e?void 0:e.context)||(null===(n=window.Af)||void 0===n?void 0:n.context)||{};return s.region&&s.lang&&(o.lang=s.lang,o.region=s.region),(null===(t=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===t?void 0:t.length)&&(o.partner=this.partnerClasses[1]),new Promise((function(e,n){i.client.helpers.refreshPanelNode({matrixParams:o},(function(t,i){t&&(logError("Notification refresh error:",t),n(t)),e(i)}))}))},e.prototype.resetBadge=function(){this.client.helpers.resetBadge(),this.setTimeStamp()},e.prototype.getConfig=function(){var e,n,t,i,o,s={promos:{eligibleBodyClass:"display-push-promos",enableNotifOnboard:!0},badge:{selector:"#notif-badge",hideClass:"ybar-notification-hidden"},panel:{emptyPanelMsg:"You have no new notifications.",errorMsg:"Please check back later.",headerMsg:"Notifications",maxCount:5,parentSelector:"#ybarNotificationBody",notificationTypes:"breakingNews"},service:{url:"/tdv2_fp/api/resource/NotificationHistory.getHistory",isRMP:!1}},r=document.getElementById("notification-container"),a=null===(e=null==r?void 0:r.dataset)||void 0===e?void 0:e.config,c={};if(a){"att"===(null===(n=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===n?void 0:n[1])&&(s.promos.showYahooLogo=!1);try{var l=JSON.parse(a);c=__assign({},l),this.personalized=1===l.personalize}catch(e){logError("Notifications config parsing error",e)}r&&delete r.dataset.config}var d=this.mergeConfigs(s,c);return(null===(t=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===t?void 0:t.length)&&"yahoo"!==(null===(i=this.partnerClasses)||void 0===i?void 0:i[1])&&(null===(o=d.promos)||void 0===o?void 0:o.subscriptionTopic)&&delete d.promos.subscriptionTopic,d},e.prototype.mergeConfigs=function(e,n){var t=__assign({},e);for(var i in e)t[i]=__assign(__assign({},e[i]),n[i]);return t},e.prototype.getTimeStamp=function(){var e;return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e?void 0:e.getItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY)},e.prototype.setTimeStamp=function(){var e,n=""+Math.floor((new Date).getTime()/1e3);return null===(e=window.localStorage)||void 0===e||e.setItem(CONSUMPTION_STORAGE_KEY,n),n},e}(),notifClient=new NotifClient,getNotifClient=function(){return notifClient},reInit=function(){notifClient=new NotifClient},ybarRapid,ybarRapidInterval,ybarRapidErrMsg="",beaconQueue=[],noop=function(){},logRapidError=function(){window.removeEventListener("beforeunload",logRapidError),""!==ybarRapidErrMsg&&logError("Rapid not found on page",new Error(ybarRapidErrMsg))},findRapidWithSpaceid=function(e){var n=void 0;if(e&&e.length>0)for(var t=0;t

    0){if(ybarRapid.addModules(o,!1,i),beaconQueue.length>0)for(e=0;e90&&fireImageBeacon("performance",e)}catch(e){}}),1e3)}))},measureInit=measure("ybar-init");initYbar(),measureInit.stop(),initPerformanceMetricsBeaconListener(),initRapid(),initErrorBeaconListener();var selected="_yb_xobhs",Css$8={"right-item":"_yb_1gxge",selected:selected,"ybar-mod-topnavigation":"_yb_noij6","ybar-mod-topnavigation-teaser-imp":"_yb_1bue0"},DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE=9;if("undefined"!=typeof Element&&!Element.prototype.matches){var proto=Element.prototype;proto.matches=proto.matchesSelector||proto.mozMatchesSelector||proto.msMatchesSelector||proto.oMatchesSelector||proto.webkitMatchesSelector}function closest(e,n){for(;e&&e.nodeType!==DOCUMENT_NODE_TYPE;){if("function"==typeof e.matches&&e.matches(n))return e;e=e.parentNode}}var closest_1=closest;function _delegate(e,n,t,i,o){var s=listener.apply(this,arguments);return e.addEventListener(t,s,o),{destroy:function(){e.removeEventListener(t,s,o)}}}function delegate(e,n,t,i,o){return"function"==typeof e.addEventListener?_delegate.apply(null,arguments):"function"==typeof t?_delegate.bind(null,document).apply(null,arguments):("string"==typeof e&&(e=document.querySelectorAll(e)),,(function(e){return _delegate(e,n,t,i,o)})))}function listener(e,n,t,i){return function(t){t.delegateTarget=closest_1(,n),t.delegateTarget&&,t)}}var delegate_1=delegate,ListNode=function(e){,,this.prev=null},LinkedList=function(){function e(){this.head=null,this.tail=null}return e.prototype.push=function(e){var n=new ListNode(e);return this.head?this.tail?(n.prev=this.tail,,this.tail=n):(this.tail=n,this.tail.prev=this.head,,,n},e.prototype.size=function(){for(var e=0,n=this.head;n;)e+=1,;return e},e.prototype.getHead=function(){return this.head},e.prototype.getTail=function(){return this.tail},e.prototype.get=function(e){if(e>=this.size())return null;for(var n=0,t=this.head;(null==t?void,(function(e){e.onerror=function(){e.onerror=null,"none"}}))},fixLogoOutline=function(e,n){e&&(hideOutlineOnMouseDown("#ybar-logo","#ybar-logo",n),n.onDestroy((function(){e.classList.remove("ybar-show-outline"),e.classList.remove("ybar-hide-outline")})))},logoClick=function(e,n){n&&e.addElementListener(n,"click",(function(){e.triggerEvent("logo-click")}))},init$3=function(e,n){n.logoImages&&hideLogosOnError(n.logoImages),n.wrapper&&(fixLogoOutline(n.wrapper,e),logoClick(e,n.wrapper))};initModule("ybar-mod-logo",(function(e){var n={wrapper:document.getElementById("ybar-logo"),logoImages:document.querySelectorAll(".".concat(Css$7["logo-image"]))};init$3(e,n)}));var overlay$1="_yb_1c0an",tooltip="_yb_17pyt",tooltip__text="_yb_mf5a0",tooltip__voice="_yb_146ta",tooltip__web="_yb_khwof",dark="_yb_1lv1j",darker="_yb_1s5ou",light="_yb_1qeqe",midnight60="_yb_yptl0",Css$6={"dropdown-open":"_yb_enb1f","merchant-is-selected":"_yb_1ya57",overlay:overlay$1,"selected-merchant-clear-button":"_yb_6jsq8","shops-buttons":"_yb_1o4xl","styled-select":"_yb_xjdnu",tooltip:tooltip,"tooltip--show":"_yb_v0cjh",tooltip__text:tooltip__text,tooltip__voice:tooltip__voice,tooltip__web:tooltip__web,dark:dark,darker:darker,light:light,midnight60:midnight60},range=function(e,n){var t=Math.max(e,n),i=Math.min(e,n),o=Math.abs(t-i);return __spreadArray([],__read(new Array(o+1)),!1).map((function(e,n){return i+n}))},openSearchOverlay=function(e,n,t){var i=e.getConfig().bucketConfig,o=(void 0===i?{}:i).enable_search_ui,s=void 0!==o&&o;if(n.ybar){n.ybar.classList.add("ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen"),document.documentElement.classList.add("ybar-overlay"),document.body.classList.add("ybar-overlay-noscroll");beaconClick("ybar","websrch","",{elm:"expand",subsec:"searchbox",itc:"1"}),setTimeout((function(){n.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(t&&(n.searchInput.value=t),n.searchInput.focus(),s&&}))}},closeSearchOverlay=function(e){var n;null===(n=e.ybar)||void 0===n||n.classList.remove("ybar-searchbox-assist-fullscreen"),document.documentElement.classList.remove("ybar-overlay"),document.body.classList.remove("ybar-overlay-noscroll"),e.searchInput instanceof HTMLInputElement&&(e.searchInput.value="",e.searchInput.blur())},initMweb=function(e,n){"smartphone"===e.getConfig().device&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,"click",(function(){openSearchOverlay(e,n)})),e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxPlaceholder,"keydown",(function(t){var i=t,o=i.keyCode,s=i.key,r=range(65,90),a=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],__read(range(58,57)),!1),__read(range(96,105)),!1),c=__spreadArray(__spreadArray([],__read(r),!1),__read(a),!1).includes(o);(32===o||13===o||c)&&(t.preventDefault(),t.stopPropagation(),openSearchOverlay(e,n,c?s:""))})),n.searchBoxBackButton&&(e.addElementListener(n.searchBoxBackButton,"click",(function(e){e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n);beaconClick("ybar","back-close-srch","",{elm:"btn",subsec:"searchbox",itc:"1"})})),e.addElementListener(n.searchInput,"keyup",(function(e){e.stopPropagation();27===e.keyCode&&(e.stopPropagation(),closeSearchOverlay(n))}))),e.addEventListener("viewerClosed",(function(){closeSearchOverlay(n)})),e.onDestroy((function(){closeSearchOverlay(n)})))},Tooltip=function(){function e(e,n,t){n&&(this.ybar=e,this.elem=n,this.options=t,,this.hide=this.hide.bind(this),this.addEventListeners())}return Object.defineProperty(e.prototype,"tooltip",{get:function(){var e=this;return this.tooltipMarkup||(this.tooltipMarkup=this.createTooltip(),(this.options.tooltipParentElm||this.elem).appendChild(this.tooltipMarkup),this.ybar.onDestroy((function(){var n,t;null===(t=null===(n=e.tooltipMarkup)||void 0===n?void 0:n.parentNode)||void 0===t||t.removeChild(e.tooltipMarkup)}))),this.tooltipMarkup},enumerable:!1,configurable:!0}),{this.tooltip.classList.add(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.hide=function(){this.tooltip.classList.remove(this.options.showClass)},e.prototype.addEventListeners=function(){this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,"mouseenter",,this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,"focus",,this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,"mouseleave",this.hide),this.ybar.addElementListener(this.elem,"blur",this.hide)},e.prototype.createTooltip=function(){var e=document.createElement("div");e.className=this.options.containerClass||"";var n=document.createElement("p");return n.textContent=this.options.label,n.className=this.options.textClass||"",e.appendChild(n),e},e}();createCommonjsModule((function(module){(function(){var __webpack_modules__={"./src/index.js":/*!**********************!*\ !*** ./src/index.js ***! \**********************/function(__unused_webpack_module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("var I18n = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lib/I18n */ \"./src/lib/I18n.js\");\n\n(function (win, doc) {\n \"use strict\";\n\n var defaultConfig = {\n uiLang: 'en-US',\n speechLang: 'en-US',\n voiceButton: '#voice-btn',\n searchBox: {\n form: '#sf',\n input: '#yschsp',\n params: {\n fr: '',\n fr2: ''\n }\n },\n enable_voice_trending: false,\n trending: {\n market: \"en-us\"\n },\n ui: {\n speechOverlay: {\n disableBlur: false\n }\n },\n browsers: {\n edge: false\n }\n };\n\n function VoiceSearch(config) {\n var self = this;\n self.config = Object.assign(defaultConfig, config || {});\n self.i18n = new VoiceSearch.I18n({\n lang: self.config.uiLang\n });\n self.renderPermissionGuide(self);\n self.renderSpeechPanel(self);\n self.speechResult = '';\n self.noSpeech = true;\n self.isRecognitionStart = false;\n self.recognition = null;\n self.voiceButton = doc.querySelector(self.config.voiceButton);\n self.searchBoxForm = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.form);\n self.searchBoxQuery = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.input);\n self.speechPanel = doc.querySelector('#spch');\n self.speechButtonContainer = doc.querySelector('#spchbc');\n self.speechButton = doc.querySelector('#spchbc-btn');\n self.speechText = doc.querySelector('#spcht');\n self.speechOverlay = doc.getElementById('spch-overlay');\n self.retryLink = doc.querySelector('#spcht-retry');\n self.trending = doc.getElementById('spch-trending');\n self.trendingTerms = doc.getElementById('trending-terms');\n self.termSpans = doc.getElementsByClassName(\"trending-term\");\n self.closeButton = doc.querySelector('#spchx');\n self.startAudio = new Audio('');\n self.resultAudio = new Audio('');\n self.errorAudio = new Audio('');\n self.closeAudio = new Audio('');\n self.permissionGuide = doc.querySelector('#spchp');\n self.permissionGuideClose = doc.querySelector('#spchpx');\n self.permissionGuideTimer = null;\n\n self.onEscKeyDown = function (e) {\n if (e.code !== 'Escape') {\n return;\n }\n\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('keybrd', 'voicesearch_cancel_esc'); // The clean up should put inside closePanel() instead of here,\n // or func won't be cleaned up if user close panel with btn or overlay\n\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n\n if (self.isBrowserSupported()) {\n var SpeechRecognition = win.SpeechRecognition || win.webkitSpeechRecognition;\n var SpeechGrammarList = win.SpeechGrammarList || win.webkitSpeechGrammarList;\n var speechGrammar = '#JSGF V1.0;';\n self.recognition = new SpeechRecognition();\n var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();\n\n if (speechRecognitionList.addFromString) {\n speechRecognitionList.addFromString(speechGrammar, 1);\n }\n\n self.recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;\n self.recognition.continuous = false;\n self.recognition.lang = self.config.speechLang;\n self.recognition.interimResults = false;\n self.recognition.maxAlternatives = 1;\n /* Listeners */\n\n if (self.voiceButton) {\n self.voiceButton.onclick = function () {\n self.recognition.start();\n\n if (self.permissionGuideTimer) {\n win.clearTimeout(self.permissionGuideTimer);\n }\n\n self.permissionGuideTimer = win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.showPermissionGuide(self);\n }\n }, 300); // Also close when pressing esc\n\n doc.addEventListener('keydown', self.onEscKeyDown);\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch');\n };\n }\n\n if (self.speechButton) {\n self.speechButton.onclick = function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.recognition.start();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_mic_restart');\n } else {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_mic_close');\n self.closePanel(self);\n }\n };\n }\n\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.onclick = function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.recognition.start();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_retry');\n }\n };\n }\n\n if (self.speechOverlay) {\n self.speechOverlay.onclick = function () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_cancel_outside');\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n }\n\n if (self.closeButton) {\n self.closeButton.onclick = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_cancel');\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n }\n\n if (self.permissionGuideClose) {\n self.permissionGuideClose.onclick = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_permission_close');\n;\n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);\n };\n }\n /* Recognition Events */\n\n\n self.recognition.onresult = function (event) {\n // The SpeechRecognitionEvent results property returns a SpeechRecognitionResultList object\n // The SpeechRecognitionResultList object contains SpeechRecognitionResult objects.\n // It has a getter so it can be accessed like an array\n // The first [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionResult at the last position.\n // Each SpeechRecognitionResult object contains SpeechRecognitionAlternative objects that contain individual results.\n // These also have getters so they can be accessed like arrays.\n // The second [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionAlternative at position 0.\n // We then return the transcript property of the SpeechRecognitionAlternative object\n // console.log('Confidence: ' + event.results[0][0].confidence);\n self.speechResult = event.results[0][0].transcript;\n /* Punctuation Handling: Check last character and strip it if necessary */\n\n self.handlePunctuation(self);\n\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.speechResult;\n }\n\n if (self.searchBoxQuery) {\n self.searchBoxQuery.value = self.speechResult;\n }\n\n;\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb-h\");\n }\n\n self.hideRetryLink(self);\n\n if (self.searchBoxForm) {\n var inputFr = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector('[name=fr]');\n var inputFr2 = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector('[name=fr2]');\n\n if (inputFr && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && {\n inputFr.value =;\n inputFr.disabled = false; // for homepage case\n }\n\n if (inputFr2 && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr2) {\n inputFr2.value = config.searchBox.params.fr2;\n inputFr2.disabled = false; // for homepage case\n }\n\n self.searchBoxForm.submit();\n }\n }, 1000);\n };\n\n self.recognition.onspeechstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {// Fired when speech starts\n };\n\n self.recognition.onspeechend = function () {\n // Fired when speech ends\n self.recognition.stop();\n };\n\n self.recognition.onerror = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // console.log('Error occurred in recognition: ' + event.error);\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_error');\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.showRetryLink(self);\n;\n };\n\n self.recognition.onaudiostart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the user agent has started to capture audio.\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(\"listening\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onaudioend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the user agent has finished capturing audio.\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"listening\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onsoundstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when any sound — recognisable speech or not — has been detected.\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.noSpeech = false;\n\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"listening\");\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(\"speaking\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onsoundend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when no sound present\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"speaking\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the speech recognition service has begun listening\n self.recognitionInit(self);\n self.startRecognition(self);\n };\n\n self.recognition.onend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the speech recognition service has disconnected.\n self.isRecognitionStart = false;\n\n if (self.noSpeech == false && self.speechResult == '') {\n // No match: Fired when the speech recognition can't recognise speech\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_nomatch');\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.showRetryLink(self);\n;\n }\n }; // trigger onReady event when initialized\n\n\n if (document && document.dispatchEvent) {\n document.dispatchEvent(new Event('VOICE_JS_READY'));\n }\n }\n } // static members\n\n\n VoiceSearch.I18n = I18n; // instance members\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.renderPermissionGuide = function (self) {\n var tmpl = \"\\n








    \".concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.permission_title'), \"


    \").concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.permission_text'), \"




    \\n \");\n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, 'text/html');\n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.renderSpeechPanel = function (self) {\n var tmpl = \"\\n


    (Video) Could Neanderthals Talk Like Us?





    \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n



    \\n \\n \\n \".concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_retry'), \"\\n






    \\n \").concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.trending_title'), \"\\n \\n



    (Video) Who were the Neanderthals? | DW Documentary

    \\n \");\n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, 'text/html');\n\n if (self && self.config && self.config.ui && self.config.ui.speechOverlay && self.config.ui.speechOverlay.disableBlur) {\n dom.body.children[0].classList.add('disable-blur-overlay');\n }\n\n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.isBrowserSupported = function () {\n var isSupported = false;\n var self = this;\n var isChromium = Boolean(;\n var isIOSChrome = /CriOS/.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isEdge = /Edg\\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isLegacyEdge = /Edge\\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isOpera = Boolean(window.opr);\n var isBrave = Boolean(window.navigator.brave);\n var browsers = [// chrome\n {\n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {\n return true;\n },\n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {\n return isChromium && !isIOSChrome && !isEdge && !isOpera && !isBrave;\n },\n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {\n return win && ('SpeechRecognition' in win || 'webkitSpeechRecognition' in win) && ('SpeechGrammarList' in win || 'webkitSpeechGrammarList' in win);\n }\n }, // edge\n {\n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {\n return self && self.config && self.config.browsers && self.config.browsers.edge;\n },\n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {\n return isChromium && isEdge && !isLegacyEdge;\n },\n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {\n return win && ('SpeechRecognition' in win || 'webkitSpeechRecognition' in win) && ('SpeechGrammarList' in win || 'webkitSpeechGrammarList' in win);\n }\n }];\n\n for (var b = 0; b < browsers.length; b++) {\n var browser = browsers[b];\n\n if (browser && browser.checkBrowser && browser.checkBrowser() && browser.checkEnabled && browser.checkEnabled(self) && browser.checkAPI && browser.checkAPI()) {\n isSupported = true;\n }\n }\n\n return isSupported;\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.recognitionInit = function (self) {\n // Initialize flags for checking whether user is speaking or not\n self.speechResult = '';\n self.noSpeech = true;\n self.isRecognitionStart = true;\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showPermissionGuide = function (self) {\n if (self.permissionGuide) {\n self.permissionGuide.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hidePermissionGuide = function (self) {\n if (self.permissionGuide) {\n self.permissionGuide.classList.add(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.getTrending = function (self) {\n // Call api for trending terms\n if (!self.config.enable_voice_trending || !self.trending) {\n return;\n }\n\n var url = \"\" + + \"&features=trending.voice\";\n self.ajaxReq(url, function (resBody) {\n if (!resBody || !resBody.response || ! || ! || ![\"trending.voice\"]) {\n return;\n }\n\n var terms =[\"trending.voice\"].data;\n self.showTrending(self, terms);\n });\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showTrending = function (self, terms) {\n // params check\n if (!Array.isArray(terms) || terms.length < 3) {\n return;\n } // DOM check\n\n\n if (!self.trending || !self.termSpans || !self.termSpans[0]) {\n return;\n }\n\n var trendingLabel = '';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[0].text + '\"' + ', ';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[1].text + '\"' + ' ';\n trendingLabel += self.i18n.t('search.voice.trending_or') + ' ';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[2].text + '\"';\n self.termSpans[0].innerText = trendingLabel;\n self.trending.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hideTrending = function (self) {\n if (!self.trending) {\n return;\n }\n\n self.trending.classList.add(\"hide\");\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showRetryLink = function (self) {\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_retry');\n self.retryLink.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hideRetryLink = function (self) {\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.classList.add(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.startRecognition = function (self) {\n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);\n self.getTrending(self);\n;\n\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_start');\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_listening');\n }, 2000);\n }\n\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb-h\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb\");\n }\n\n self.hideRetryLink(self);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.closePanel = function (self) {\n;\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb-h\");\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.hideRetryLink(self); // clean up esc listener\n\n doc.removeEventListener('keydown', self.onEscKeyDown);\n }, 100);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.handlePunctuation = function (self) {\n if (self.speechResult.length > 0) {\n var lastChar = self.speechResult.charAt(self.speechResult.length - 1);\n\n if (lastChar === '.' || lastChar === '?' || lastChar === '。' || lastChar === '?') {\n self.speechResult = self.speechResult.slice(0, -1);\n }\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.sendBeacon = function (actn, slk) {\n var ULT = win.YAHOO.ULT || {},\n SB = win.YAHOO.SB || {};\n\n if (ULT.beacon_click) {\n var trackParams = {\n _S: SB.config.i13n.spaceid,\n _I: SB.config.i13n.pvid,\n actn: actn,\n sec: 'search',\n slk: slk\n };\n win.YAHOO.ULT.beacon_click(trackParams);\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.ajaxReq = function (url, callback) {\n var DONE_STATE = XMLHttpRequest.DONE || 4; // for IE-compatibility\n\n var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();\n var responseRaw;\n var response; // CORS request only for IE8/IE9\n\n if (doc.documentMode && doc.documentMode < 10) {\n var xdr = new win.XDomainRequest();\n\n xdr.onload = function () {\n try {\n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);\n callback(response);\n } catch (err) {\n return;\n }\n };\n\n'GET', url);\n xhr.send();\n return;\n } // CORS request for browers newer than IE9\n\n\n xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {\n if (xhr.readyState !== DONE_STATE) {\n return;\n } // handle ajax response\n\n\n switch (xhr.status) {\n case 200:\n responseRaw = xhr.responseText;\n\n try {\n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);\n callback(response);\n } catch (err) {\n return;\n }\n\n break;\n\n default:\n // non-200 status code: retry or assume failure\n callback(response);\n break;\n }\n };\n\n'GET', url, true);\n /* aync request */\n\n xhr.timeout = 10000;\n xhr.send();\n };\n\n if (!win.YAHOO) {\n win.YAHOO = {};\n }\n\n if (!win.YAHOO.Util) {\n win.YAHOO.Util = {};\n }\n\n win.YAHOO.Util.VoiceSearch = VoiceSearch;\n})(window, document);\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.js?")},"./src/lib/I18n.js":/*!*************************!*\ !*** ./src/lib/I18n.js ***! \*************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("module.exports = function () {\n var LANG_LIST = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lang_list.json */ \"./src/lib/lang_list.json\");\n\n var DEFAULT_LANG = 'default';\n\n var isValidLang = function isValidLang(lang) {\n return LANG_LIST.indexOf(lang) !== -1;\n }; // convert language strings to key-value map\n\n\n var buildStrMap = function buildStrMap(langStrings) {\n return langStrings.reduce(function (strMap, item) {\n strMap[] = item.defaultMessage;\n return strMap;\n }, {});\n };\n\n var I18n = function I18n(options) {\n // initialize\n this.lang = isValidLang(options && options.lang) ? options.lang : DEFAULT_LANG;\n }; // static members\n\n\n I18n.langMap = {};\n I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] = buildStrMap(__webpack_require__(/*! ../lang/strings.json */ \"./src/lang/strings.json\"));\n\n I18n.setLangMap = function (lang, strings) {\n if (lang && strings) {\n I18n.langMap[lang] = buildStrMap(strings);\n }\n }; // instance members\n\n\n I18n.prototype = {\n t: function t(id) {\n switch (true) {\n // look up target language\n case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[this.lang] && I18n.langMap[this.lang][id]):\n return I18n.langMap[this.lang][id];\n // fallback to default strings\n\n case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id]):\n return I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id];\n\n default:\n return '';\n }\n }\n };\n return I18n;\n}();\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/lib/I18n.js?")},"./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css":/*!*******************************************************************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css ***! \*******************************************************************************************************/function(module,__webpack_exports__,__webpack_require__){eval('__webpack_require__.r(__webpack_exports__);\n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__ = __webpack_require__(/*! ../node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js */ "./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js");\n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default = /*#__PURE__*/__webpack_require__.n(_node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__);\n// Imports\n\nvar ___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___ = _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default()(function(i){return i[1]});\n// Module\n___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___.push([, "/* Sprites */\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\\n#spchp .close-button,\\n#spch .close-button,\\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\\n background-image: url(;\\n background-repeat: no-repeat;\\n background-size: initial;\\n color: transparent;\\n}\\n/* Retina displays */\\n@media\\n only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\\n only screen and (min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\\n only screen and (min-resolution: 192dpi),\\n only screen and (min-resolution: 2dppx) {\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\\n#spchp .close-button,\\n#spch .close-button,\\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\\n background-size: 41px 330px;\\n background-image: url(\\n}\\n }\\n\\n/* permission guide */\\n#spchp.permission-guide {\\n height: 100%;\\n width: 100%;\\n padding: 0;\\n opacity: 0.9;\\n background-color: #fff;\\n left: 0;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n position: fixed;\\n text-align: left;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10000;\\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\\n}\\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button {\\n background-position: 0 0;\\n width: 24px;\\n height: 24px;\\n border: none;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n right: 0;\\n margin: 20px;\\n padding: 0;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10;\\n opacity: 0.8;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button:hover {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide {\\n margin: 191px 0 0 507px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone {\\n height: 68px;\\n width: 52px;\\n border-right: 1px solid #232a31;\\n float: left;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite {\\n background-position: 0 -105px;\\n width: 28px;\\n height: 28px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text {\\n height: 68px;\\n margin-left: 24px;\\n float: left;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .title {\\n color: #232a31;\\n font-size: 32px;\\n font-family: HelveticaNeue-Bold;\\n line-height: 28px;\\n margin-bottom: 16px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .text {\\n color: #232a31;\\n font-size: 16px;\\n line-height: 28px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n\\n/* speech panel */\\n#spch.spch {\\n background: #fff;\\n height: 100%;\\n left: 0;\\n opacity: 0;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n position: fixed;\\n text-align: left;\\n top: 0;\\n visibility: hidden;\\n width: 100%;\\n z-index: 10000;\\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\\n}\\n#spch.spch .close-button {\\n background-position: 0 0;\\n width: 24px;\\n height: 24px;\\n border: none;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n right: 0;\\n margin: 20px;\\n padding: 0;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10;\\n opacity: 0.8;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .close-button:hover {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc {\\n display: block;\\n height: 97px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container {\\n width: 100%;\\n height: 100%;\\n opacity: 0.1;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .spch-control {\\n display: inline-block;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\\n float: left;\\n height: 91px;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n margin: 3px 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n width: calc(50% - 48.5px);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container p {\\n display: table-cell;\\n vertical-align: middle;\\n width: 550px;\\n height: 97px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\\n font-weight: normal;\\n color: #6e7780;\\n line-height: normal;\\n opacity: 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n text-align: left;\\n -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;\\n transition: opacity 0.1s ease-in, margin-left 0.5s ease-in, top 0s linear 0.218s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container #spcht-retry {\\n color: #0f69ff;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: relative;\\n transition: transform 0.218s, opacity 0.218s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\\n background-color: #fff;\\n border: 1px solid #eee;\\n border-radius: 100%;\\n bottom: 0;\\n box-shadow: 0 2px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);\\n cursor: pointer;\\n display: inline-block;\\n left: 0;\\n opacity: 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n right: 0;\\n top: 0;\\n transition: background-color 0.218s, border 0.218s, box-shadow 0.218s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button .microphone {\\n background-position: 0 -24px;\\n width: 41px;\\n height: 41px;\\n left: 27px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 27px;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple {\\n position: absolute;\\n width: 136px;\\n height: 136px;\\n z-index: -1;\\n left: 50%;\\n top: 50%;\\n opacity: 0;\\n margin: -70px 0 0 -70px;\\n border-radius: 100px;\\n -webkit-animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\\n animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\\n background-color: #fff !important;\\n border: 2px solid #e0e4e9;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(2) {\\n -webkit-animation-delay: 1.1s;\\n animation-delay: 1.1s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(3) {\\n -webkit-animation-delay: 2.2s;\\n animation-delay: 2.2s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button {\\n background-color: #0f69ff;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button .microphone {\\n background-position: 0 -65px;\\n width: 40px;\\n height: 40px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple {\\n background-size: 114px;\\n position: absolute;\\n width: 114px;\\n height: 114px;\\n z-index: -1;\\n left: 50%;\\n top: 50%;\\n margin: -57px 0 0 -57px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(2) {\\n background-size: 123px;\\n width: 123px;\\n height: 123px;\\n margin: -62px 0 0 -62px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(3) {\\n background-size: 136px;\\n width: 136px;\\n height: 136px;\\n margin: -68px 0 0 -68px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho {\\n background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgb(255, 255, 255) 50%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0) 99%);\\n display: block;\\n min-width: 100%;\\n text-align: center;\\n top: 145px;\\n padding-bottom: 71px;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending {\\n -webkit-animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\\n animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending .trending {\\n color: #6e7780;\\n display: inline-block;\\n font-size: 16px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending #trending-label {\\n font-weight: bold;\\n margin: 5px 5px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc {\\n background: #fff;\\n box-sizing: border-box;\\n box-shadow: 0 2px 6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);\\n height: auto;\\n margin: 0;\\n min-width: 100%;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n padding: 24px 115px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc .inner-container {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .text-container, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\\n position: relative;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb {\\n background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);\\n opacity: 1;\\n visibility: visible;\\n transition-delay: 0s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\\n transform: scale(1);\\n height: 97px;\\n right: 0;\\n top: 0;\\n width: 97px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\\n opacity: 1;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n position: absolute;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n transition-delay: 0;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\\n font-size: 24px;\\n margin-left: 0;\\n opacity: 1;\\n transition: opacity 0.5s ease-out, margin-left 0.5s ease-out;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb #spch-overlay {\\n -webkit-backdrop-filter: blur(10px);\\n backdrop-filter: blur(10px);\\n background-color: #fff;\\n height: 100%;\\n opacity: 0.9;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 149px;\\n\\n /* spchc\'s height */\\n width: 100%;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.disable-blur-overlay #spch-overlay {\\n background-color: transparent;\\n -webkit-backdrop-filter: none;\\n backdrop-filter: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.disable-blur-overlay .spcho {\\n height: 27px;\\n padding-bottom: 20px;\\n background: #fff;\\n background-image: none;\\n box-shadow: 0 8px 6px -6px rgb(0 0 0 / 20%);\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb-h {\\n background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);\\n opacity: 0;\\n visibility: hidden;\\n }\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes fadeIn {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes fadeIn {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes ripple {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transform: scale(0.7);\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes ripple {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transform: scale(0.7);\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple1 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple1 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple2 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple2 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple3 {\\n 0%,\\n 25%,\\n 75%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple3 {\\n 0%,\\n 25%,\\n 75%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n", ""]);\n// Exports\n/* harmony default export */ __webpack_exports__["default"] = (___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___);\n\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.css?./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js')},"./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js":/*!*****************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js ***! \*****************************************************/function(module){eval('\n\n/*\n MIT License\n Author Tobias Koppers @sokra\n*/\n// css base code, injected by the css-loader\n// eslint-disable-next-line func-names\nmodule.exports = function (cssWithMappingToString) {\n var list = []; // return the list of modules as css string\n\n list.toString = function toString() {\n return (item) {\n var content = cssWithMappingToString(item);\n\n if (item[2]) {\n return "@media ".concat(item[2], " {").concat(content, "}");\n }\n\n return content;\n }).join("");\n }; // import a list of modules into the list\n // eslint-disable-next-line func-names\n\n\n list.i = function (modules, mediaQuery, dedupe) {\n if (typeof modules === "string") {\n // eslint-disable-next-line no-param-reassign\n modules = [[null, modules, ""]];\n }\n\n var alreadyImportedModules = {};\n\n if (dedupe) {\n for (var i = 0; i < this.length; i++) {\n // eslint-disable-next-line prefer-destructuring\n var id = this[i][0];\n\n if (id != null) {\n alreadyImportedModules[id] = true;\n }\n }\n }\n\n for (var _i = 0; _i < modules.length; _i++) {\n var item = [].concat(modules[_i]);\n\n if (dedupe && alreadyImportedModules[item[0]]) {\n // eslint-disable-next-line no-continue\n continue;\n }\n\n if (mediaQuery) {\n if (!item[2]) {\n item[2] = mediaQuery;\n } else {\n item[2] = "".concat(mediaQuery, " and ").concat(item[2]);\n }\n }\n\n list.push(item);\n }\n };\n\n return list;\n};\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js?')},"./src/index.css":/*!***********************!*\ !*** ./src/index.css ***! \***********************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval('var api = __webpack_require__(/*! !../node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js */ "./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js");\n var content = __webpack_require__(/*! !!../node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!../node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./index.css */ "./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css");\n\n content = content.__esModule ? content.default : content;\n\n if (typeof content === \'string\') {\n content = [[, content, \'\']];\n }\n\nvar options = {};\n\noptions.insert = "head";\noptions.singleton = false;\n\nvar update = api(content, options);\n\n\n\nmodule.exports = content.locals || {};\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.css?')},"./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js":/*!****************************************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js ***! \****************************************************************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("\n\nvar isOldIE = function isOldIE() {\n var memo;\n return function memorize() {\n if (typeof memo === 'undefined') {\n // Test for IE <= 9 as proposed by Browserhacks\n // @see\n // Tests for existence of standard globals is to allow style-loader\n // to operate correctly into non-standard environments\n // @see\n memo = Boolean(window && document && document.all && !window.atob);\n }\n\n return memo;\n };\n}();\n\nvar getTarget = function getTarget() {\n var memo = {};\n return function memorize(target) {\n if (typeof memo[target] === 'undefined') {\n var styleTarget = document.querySelector(target); // Special case to return head of iframe instead of iframe itself\n\n if (window.HTMLIFrameElement && styleTarget instanceof window.HTMLIFrameElement) {\n try {\n // This will throw an exception if access to iframe is blocked\n // due to cross-origin restrictions\n styleTarget = styleTarget.contentDocument.head;\n } catch (e) {\n // istanbul ignore next\n styleTarget = null;\n }\n }\n\n memo[target] = styleTarget;\n }\n\n return memo[target];\n };\n}();\n\nvar stylesInDom = [];\n\nfunction getIndexByIdentifier(identifier) {\n var result = -1;\n\n for (var i = 0; i < stylesInDom.length; i++) {\n if (stylesInDom[i].identifier === identifier) {\n result = i;\n break;\n }\n }\n\n return result;\n}\n\nfunction modulesToDom(list, options) {\n var idCountMap = {};\n var identifiers = [];\n\n for (var i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {\n var item = list[i];\n var id = options.base ? item[0] + options.base : item[0];\n var count = idCountMap[id] || 0;\n var identifier = \"\".concat(id, \" \").concat(count);\n idCountMap[id] = count + 1;\n var index = getIndexByIdentifier(identifier);\n var obj = {\n css: item[1],\n media: item[2],\n sourceMap: item[3]\n };\n\n if (index !== -1) {\n stylesInDom[index].references++;\n stylesInDom[index].updater(obj);\n } else {\n stylesInDom.push({\n identifier: identifier,\n updater: addStyle(obj, options),\n references: 1\n });\n }\n\n identifiers.push(identifier);\n }\n\n return identifiers;\n}\n\nfunction insertStyleElement(options) {\n var style = document.createElement('style');\n var attributes = options.attributes || {};\n\n if (typeof attributes.nonce === 'undefined') {\n var nonce = true ? : 0;\n\n if (nonce) {\n attributes.nonce = nonce;\n }\n }\n\n Object.keys(attributes).forEach(function (key) {\n style.setAttribute(key, attributes[key]);\n });\n\n if (typeof options.insert === 'function') {\n options.insert(style);\n } else {\n var target = getTarget(options.insert || 'head');\n\n if (!target) {\n throw new Error(\"Couldn't find a style target. This probably means that the value for the 'insert' parameter is invalid.\");\n }\n\n target.appendChild(style);\n }\n\n return style;\n}\n\nfunction removeStyleElement(style) {\n // istanbul ignore if\n if (style.parentNode === null) {\n return false;\n }\n\n style.parentNode.removeChild(style);\n}\n/* istanbul ignore next */\n\n\nvar replaceText = function replaceText() {\n var textStore = [];\n return function replace(index, replacement) {\n textStore[index] = replacement;\n return textStore.filter(Boolean).join('\\n');\n };\n}();\n\nfunction applyToSingletonTag(style, index, remove, obj) {\n var css = remove ? '' : ? \"@media \".concat(, \" {\").concat(obj.css, \"}\") : obj.css; // For old IE\n\n /* istanbul ignore if */\n\n if (style.styleSheet) {\n style.styleSheet.cssText = replaceText(index, css);\n } else {\n var cssNode = document.createTextNode(css);\n var childNodes = style.childNodes;\n\n if (childNodes[index]) {\n style.removeChild(childNodes[index]);\n }\n\n if (childNodes.length) {\n style.insertBefore(cssNode, childNodes[index]);\n } else {\n style.appendChild(cssNode);\n }\n }\n}\n\nfunction applyToTag(style, options, obj) {\n var css = obj.css;\n var media =;\n var sourceMap = obj.sourceMap;\n\n if (media) {\n style.setAttribute('media', media);\n } else {\n style.removeAttribute('media');\n }\n\n if (sourceMap && typeof btoa !== 'undefined') {\n css += \"\\n/*# sourceMappingURL=data:application/json;base64,\".concat(btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(JSON.stringify(sourceMap)))), \" */\");\n } // For old IE\n\n /* istanbul ignore if */\n\n\n if (style.styleSheet) {\n style.styleSheet.cssText = css;\n } else {\n while (style.firstChild) {\n style.removeChild(style.firstChild);\n }\n\n style.appendChild(document.createTextNode(css));\n }\n}\n\nvar singleton = null;\nvar singletonCounter = 0;\n\nfunction addStyle(obj, options) {\n var style;\n var update;\n var remove;\n\n if (options.singleton) {\n var styleIndex = singletonCounter++;\n style = singleton || (singleton = insertStyleElement(options));\n update = applyToSingletonTag.bind(null, style, styleIndex, false);\n remove = applyToSingletonTag.bind(null, style, styleIndex, true);\n } else {\n style = insertStyleElement(options);\n update = applyToTag.bind(null, style, options);\n\n remove = function remove() {\n removeStyleElement(style);\n };\n }\n\n update(obj);\n return function updateStyle(newObj) {\n if (newObj) {\n if (newObj.css === obj.css && === && newObj.sourceMap === obj.sourceMap) {\n return;\n }\n\n update(obj = newObj);\n } else {\n remove();\n }\n };\n}\n\nmodule.exports = function (list, options) {\n options = options || {}; // Force single-tag solution on IE6-9, which has a hard limit on the # of


    What evidence is there that Neanderthals could speak? ›

    An analysis of a Neanderthal's fossilised hyoid bone - a horseshoe-shaped structure in the neck - suggests the species had the ability to speak. This has been suspected since the 1989 discovery of a Neanderthal hyoid that looks just like a modern human's.

    Could Neanderthals talk like us? ›

    TRENDING SCIENCE: Neanderthals could hear and communicate like Homo sapiens, say scientists. Neanderthals had the capacity to produce and hear human-like speech, new study finds.

    Did Neanderthals have human like language? ›

    Humans were thought to have spoken language unlike any other species on Earth. But now, scientists think another species of human, the Neanderthal, had the ability to hear and produce speech just like us.

    What evidence suggests Neanderthals were like present day humans? ›

    Neanderthals shared many features with their ancestors—a prominent brow, weak chin, sloping skull and large nose—but were as big-brained as the anatomically modern humans that later colonized Europe, Homo sapiens. At the same time, Neanderthals were stocky, a build that would have conserved heat efficiently.

    What did scientists find out about Neanderthal speech language gene? ›

    German researchers have discovered Neandertals apparently had the human variant of a gene that is linked to speech and language. A team of scientists, primarily from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, made the discovery during efforts to reconstruct a full genome of the extinct hominid.

    How do we know Neanderthals aren't humans? ›

    Measurement of our braincase and pelvic shape can reliably separate a modern human from a Neanderthal - their fossils exhibit a longer, lower skull and a wider pelvis. Even the three tiny bones of our middle ear, vital in hearing, can be readily distinguished from those of Neanderthals with careful measurement.

    Could Neanderthals hear and make the same sounds as humans? ›

    New research published on Monday suggests that Neanderthals had a vocal communication system that could have been similar to human speech. “Neandertals could have produced all the sounds in that frequency range, like we can. There does not seem to be any difference in their ability to produce speech sounds.

    Did Neanderthals worship God? ›

    Neanderthals Turned to Faith When Confronting Death, New Evidence Suggests. We aren't sure whether they could speak, let alone intone liturgy over their dead in the light of controlled fires, but a child's burial site in Spain suggests they might well have, say archaeologists.

    What language do Neanderthals speak? ›

    To date, there's no evidence that Neanderthals developed writing, so language, if it existed, would have been verbal. Unlike writing, spoken languages leave no physical trace behind. Our words vanish as soon as they're spoken.

    Do modern humans share any DNA with Neanderthals? ›

    This information is generally reported as a percentage that suggests how much DNA an individual has inherited from these ancestors. The percentage of Neanderthal DNA in modern humans is zero or close to zero in people from African populations, and is about 1 to 2 percent in people of European or Asian background.

    Were Neanderthals as smart as human? ›

    Neanderthals, we now know, were likely more intelligent, sophisticated and complicated than previously believed. Pääbo and other scientists have rapidly increased their understanding of Neanderthals—and, by way of contrast, exactly what it means to be a modern human.

    Who were smarter Neanderthal or Homosapien? ›

    Neanderthals, our ancient human cousins, were smarter and more culturally evolved than previously thought. Not only had they successfully built different kinds of tools out of bone and wood, a new study shows that they also made cave art before the arrival of Homo sapiens.

    What traits did humans get from Neanderthals? ›

    Research has found links between Neanderthal DNA and fertility, how people feel pain and immune system functionality. Neanderthal DNA may affect skin tone and hair color, height, sleeping patterns, mood and even addiction in present-day Europeans.

    What is the best evidence for interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern human? ›

    Neandertals and anatomically modern humans overlapped geographically for a period of over 30,000 years following human migration out of Africa. During this period, Neandertals and humans interbred, as evidenced by Neandertal portions of the genome carried by non-African individuals today.

    Did humans evolve from Neanderthals explain? ›

    Neanderthals and modern humans belong to the same genus (Homo) and inhabited the same geographic areas in western Asia for 30,000–50,000 years; genetic evidence indicate while they interbred with non-African modern humans, they ultimately became distinct branches of the human family tree (separate species).

    What does study about Neanderthals tell us about our human ancestors? ›

    Together with an Asian people known as Denisovans, Neanderthals are our closest ancient human relatives. Scientific evidence suggests our two species shared a common ancestor. Current evidence from both fossils and DNA suggests that Neanderthal and modern human lineages separated at least 500,000 years ago.

    What genes did Neanderthals give us? ›

    Overall, we found that Neanderthal ancestry contributes less-than-expected to the genetics of most traits in modern Europeans. However, Neanderthal variants contribute more-than-expected to several traits, including immunity, circadian rhythms, bone density, menopause age, lung capacity, and skin color.

    What are the 4 types of humans? ›

    Those on the list include Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, the Indonesian hobbit-size people, Homo erectus and Homo naledi. The list also includes other species that existed closer in time to the common ancestor of humans and chimps, and so look more like chimpanzees than modern-day humans.

    Why don t Neanderthals still exist? ›

    The spread of modern humans across Europe is associated with the demise and ultimate extinction of Neanderthal populations 40,000 years ago, likely due to competition for resources.

    Why are humans more intelligent than Neanderthals? ›

    Modern humans have a mutation that boosts the growth of neurons in the neocortex, a brain region associated with higher intelligence. This is absent in more ancient humans like Neanderthals, so it is likely that it makes us cleverer, say the researchers who uncovered it.

    Are there any animals that can talk like humans? ›

    Some animals, including parrots, songbirds, beluga whales, and dolphins, can mimic human speech. These animals are vocal learners and are adept at mimicking noises after hearing them.

    Are humans the only species that can talk? ›

    The origins of speech has been one of the great unsolved mysteries of modern science. A new article in Current Anthropology explains why it is that out of 220 primate species we are the only ones that talk. Speech is not an improvement on the hooting of an ape or the chattering of a monkey.

    What race are Neanderthals? ›

    Neanderthals are hominids in the genus Homo, humans, and generally classified as a distinct species, H. neanderthalensis, although sometimes as a subspecies of modern human as H. sapiens neanderthalensis. This would necessitate the classification of modern humans as H. sapiens sapiens.

    Did Neanderthals smell? ›

    One of the Neanderthals had a genetic mutation that diminished its ability to smell androstadienone — a chemical associated with the scents of urine and sweat. That could've been a big help for those living in close proximities with other Neanderthals in caves.

    What is the oldest proof of religion? ›

    The first religious texts mark the beginning of religious history. The Pyramid Texts from ancient Egypt are one of the oldest known religious texts in the world, dating to between 2400 and 2300 BCE.

    Can Neanderthals think? ›

    There is now good evidence that Neanderthals were cognitively sophisticated, displaying many of the cognitive traits that were traditionally regarded as proxies for modern human cognition, notably including language.

    Are Native Americans Neanderthals? ›

    According to their analysis, Neanderthals contributed roughly 2% of their DNA to modern people outside Africa and half a percent to Denisovans, who contributed 0.2% of their DNA to Asian and Native American people.

    Can early humans talk? ›

    Researchers have long debated when humans starting talking to each other. Estimates range wildly, from as late as 50,000 years ago to as early as the beginning of the human genus more than 2 million years ago. But words leave no traces in the archaeological record.

    Which race has the most Neanderthal DNA? ›

    Now a study, published this week in Cell, presents a striking find: Modern African populations carry more snippets of Neanderthal DNA than once thought, about a third of the amount the team identified for Europeans and Asians.

    Is red hair a Neanderthal trait? ›

    Red hair wasn't inherited from Neanderthals at all. It now turns out they didn't even carry the gene for it!

    What color eyes did Neanderthal have? ›

    Fair skin, hair and eyes : Neanderthals are believed to have had blue or green eyes, as well as fair skin and light hair. Having spent 300,000 years in northern latitudes, five times longer than Homo sapiens, it is only natural that Neanderthals should have developed these adaptive traits first.

    Does autism come from Neanderthals? ›

    A structure that represents the biggest known genetic difference between humans and Neanderthals also predisposes humans to autism.

    Which was the smartest human species? ›

    Anthropologists and other scientists have held that human intelligence crossed a threshold (a 'magical' rubicon) with the arrival of Homo sapiens , who replaced Homo erectus a million years ago. It was believed that Homo erectus was not intelligent enough to make anything more than crude stone tools.

    Were Neanderthals self aware? ›

    We found that Neanderthals had nearly the same genes for emotional reactivity as chimpanzees, and they were intermediate between modern humans and chimpanzees in their numbers of genes for both self-control and self-awareness.

    Who would win in a fight Neanderthal or Homosapien? ›

    A Neanderthal would have a clear power advantage over his Homo sapiens opponent. Many of the Neanderthals archaeologists have recovered had Popeye forearms, possibly the result of a life spent stabbing wooly mammoths and straight-tusked elephants to death and dismantling their carcasses.

    Are humans still evolving? ›

    What is clear however, is that all organisms are dynamic and will continue to adapt to their unique environments to continue being successful. In short, we are still evolving.

    Are people with Neanderthal DNA less intelligent? ›

    Scientists have concluded that Neanderthals were not the primitive dimwits they are commonly portrayed to have been.

    Can Neanderthals talk? ›

    The Neanderthal hyoid bone

    Its similarity to those of modern humans was seen as evidence by some scientists that Neanderthals possessed a modern vocal tract and were therefore capable of fully modern speech.

    What blood type was Neanderthal? ›

    Only one Neanderthal's blood had been typed in the past, and was found to be type O under the ABO system used to classify the blood of modern humans. Since all chimpanzees are type A, and all gorillas are type B, it was assumed that all Neanderthals were type O.

    What gene is redhead Neanderthal? ›

    Ancient DNA contains clues about complexion. An analysis of 50,000-year-old Neanderthal DNA suggests that at least some of the ancient hominids probably had pale skin and red hair. The findings, published this week in Science1, are based on the sequence of a single gene, called mc1r.

    Who did the first human mate with? ›

    As some of the first bands of modern humans moved out of Africa, they met and mated with Neandertals about 100,000 years ago—perhaps in the fertile Nile Valley, along the coastal hills of the Middle East, or in the once-verdant Arabian Peninsula.

    What other species did humans mate with? ›

    New DNA research has unexpectedly revealed that modern humans (Homo sapiens) mixed, mingled and mated with another archaic human species, the Denisovans, not once but twice—in two different regions of the ancient world.

    What is the oldest human DNA in the world? ›

    A window has been opened into a unique ecosystem that once existed in northern Greenland. Sediment samples taken from the geological formation Kap København contained minute DNA fragments, dating back two million years into the Pliocene.

    How do we know humans did not evolve from Neanderthals? ›

    The Neanderthal and modern human lineages diverged about 550,000 years ago. So far, we have no evidence of Neanderthal mtDNA lineages in modern humans. Neanderthals were not as genetically diverse as modern humans were at the same period, indicating that Neanderthals had a smaller population size.

    What color was the first human on Earth? ›

    These early humans probably had pale skin, much like humans' closest living relative, the chimpanzee, which is white under its fur. Around 1.2 million to 1.8 million years ago, early Homo sapiens evolved dark skin.

    Why are we the only human species left? ›

    sapiens arose in either eastern or southern Africa within the past 200,000 years and, because of its inherent superiority, subsequently replaced archaic hominin species around the globe without interbreeding with them to any significant degree.

    Is Neanderthal DNA linked to intelligence? ›

    Both of the brain regions in which the Neanderthal fragments were discovered are involved in key functions such as learning and coordinating movements. However despite this, the scientists stressed there is no indication the DNA pieces have any effect on the cognitive abilities of modern humans.

    Why can humans talk but not animals? ›

    Humans have flexibility in the mouth, tongue and lips that lets us form a wide range of precise sounds that chimps simply can't produce, and some have developed this complex voice instrument more than others.

    What language did Neanderthals speak? ›

    To date, there's no evidence that Neanderthals developed writing, so language, if it existed, would have been verbal. Unlike writing, spoken languages leave no physical trace behind. Our words vanish as soon as they're spoken.

    Did Neanderthals have blue eyes? ›

    Fair skin, hair and eyes : Neanderthals are believed to have had blue or green eyes, as well as fair skin and light hair. Having spent 300,000 years in northern latitudes, five times longer than Homo sapiens, it is only natural that Neanderthals should have developed these adaptive traits first.

    What Race Has Highest Neanderthal DNA? ›

    Now a study, published this week in Cell, presents a striking find: Modern African populations carry more snippets of Neanderthal DNA than once thought, about a third of the amount the team identified for Europeans and Asians.

    Are redheads more Neanderthal? ›

    It's striking and paradoxical that half of all the Neanderthal genes in our genome play a role in determining skin and hair colour. Yet this new research shows us that Neanderthal genes have no more influence over these features than the unique human genes we carry for them.

    Do Native Americans have Neanderthal DNA? ›

    According to their analysis, Neanderthals contributed roughly 2% of their DNA to modern people outside Africa and half a percent to Denisovans, who contributed 0.2% of their DNA to Asian and Native American people.


    1. Neanderthals 101 | National Geographic
    (National Geographic)
    2. Could Neanderthal Talk Like Human?
    3. What DNA Says About Our Human Family Episode II, Ancient Relatives: Neanderthals and Denisovans
    (DNA Learning Center)
    4. When We First Talked
    (PBS Eons)
    5. The Sex Lives of Early Humans
    6. What is the best diet for humans? | Eran Segal | TEDxRuppin
    (TEDx Talks)
    Top Articles
    Latest Posts
    Article information

    Author: Eusebia Nader

    Last Updated: 03/22/2023

    Views: 5385

    Rating: 5 / 5 (80 voted)

    Reviews: 95% of readers found this page helpful

    Author information

    Name: Eusebia Nader

    Birthday: 1994-11-11

    Address: Apt. 721 977 Ebert Meadows, Jereville, GA 73618-6603

    Phone: +2316203969400

    Job: International Farming Consultant

    Hobby: Reading, Photography, Shooting, Singing, Magic, Kayaking, Mushroom hunting

    Introduction: My name is Eusebia Nader, I am a encouraging, brainy, lively, nice, famous, healthy, clever person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.